The single-system DRAGON is the first trac­tion vehicle of the six axle loco­mo­ti­ves family, specially tailo­red for the Polish mar­ket. Dra­gon is a power­ful, safe, attractively-priced and eco­no­mi­cal loco­mo­tive, fully-equipped and cha­rac­te­ri­sed by highly relia­ble operation.

DRAGON’s main advan­tage is a very high trac­tive force of the value of 374 kN which, in con­nec­tion with the loco­mo­tive weight of 119 t, a modern anti-skid sys­tem and an indi­vi­dual drive per each axle, allows it to drive fre­ight tra­ins of the weight up to 4500t.  The axle load below 20t com­bi­ned with a spe­cially desi­gned suspen­sion result in the fact that DRAGON is per­fec­tly adap­ted to dif­fi­cult ope­ra­ting con­di­tions and pro­ves to work effec­ti­vely on Polish rail­way tracks.

The loco’s drive is made up of asyn­chro­nous trac­tion motors dri­ven by IGTB-based trac­tion inver­ters. The loco­mo­tive has a modu­lar con­struc­tion which allows for tailo­ring tech­ni­cal para­me­ters to indi­vi­dual clients’ needs e.g., incre­asing the maxi­mum trac­tive effort to 450 kN (MAX LOAD option),  adap­ting the loco­mo­tive to 25kV Ac vol­tage or instal­ling an addi­tio­nal Die­sel  engine (DUAL POWER  option).

Loco­mo­tive design ensu­res driver’s safety and enhan­ced wor­king con­di­tions by pro­vi­ding ergo­no­mi­cal cab and con­trol panel lay­out, a double func­tion air con­di­tio­ning sys­tem, as well as a sys­tem of came­ras, a safety cage and an anti-climbing struc­ture pro­tec­ting train ope­ra­tors in the case of a collision.

Dra­gon is equ­ip­ped with a micro-processor sys­tem of con­trol, allo­wing to adapt the loco’s ope­ra­ting mode to chan­ging con­di­tions, an on-board dia­gno­stics sys­tem with full visual infor­ma­tion and a data regi­stra­tion module which faci­li­ta­tes loca­ting or pre­dic­ting possi­ble dama­ges as well as with an anti-skid system.

The imple­men­ted pro­duc­tion sys­tem and the high quality stan­dards of Newag Gli­wice S.A. (for­mer ZNLE), con­fir­med by such cer­ti­fi­ca­tes as e.g., Inter­na­tio­nal Rail­way Indu­stry Stan­dard IRIS (manu­fac­tu­ring, design, deve­lop­ment and main­te­nance acti­vity for the loco­mo­ti­ves) and PN-EN ISO 9001:2009 guaran­tee the highest Euro­pean quality of DRAGON locomotive.

Basic featu­res of the locomotive:

  • Tech­ni­cal para­me­ters tailo­red to user’s needs;
  • Capa­ble of pul­ling heavy fre­ight tra­ins of the weight up to 4500t;
  • Capa­ble of pul­ling tra­ins on lower class tracks;
  • Asyn­chro­nous drive;
  • On-board dia­gno­stic sys­tem with visual access and data recor­ding module;
  • Power sup­ply using IGBT-based converters;
  • Intel­li­gent power mana­ge­ment system;
  • High tech­ni­cal ava­ila­bi­lity ratio;
  • Ready for ERTMS and GSM-R equipment;
  • The highest ava­ila­ble safety level;
  • Enhan­ced driver’s wor­king conditions;
  • The camera system;
  • Full ame­ni­ties;
  • Environmentally-friendly;
  • Attrac­ti­vely priced;
  • Ergo­no­mic.


  • Two three-axle bogies in the Co’Co ’ con­fi­gu­ra­tion with indi­vi­dual drive per each axis;
  • Welded hollow-girder frame construction;
  • Trans­mis­sion of trac­tion force thro­ugh pin and draft bar atta­ched to the frame.


  • Mono­block whe­els with a nomi­nal dia­me­ter of 1250 mm;
  • Bra­king discs fixed on both sides of the wheel;
  • Asyn­chro­nous trac­tion motors with power of 834 kW each;
  • Spur gear;
  • Axle bearing with coni­cal rol­ler bearings, tem­pe­ra­ture and speed sensors.


  • Pri­mary level: two sets of coil springs moun­ted direc­tly on both sides of the whe­el­set axle box;
  • Secon­dary level: a set of large-scale, fle­xi­coil spi­ral springs;
  • Hydrau­lic shock absor­bers for muf­fling vibrations.

Loco­mo­tive body:

  • Inte­gral welded design;
  • Crum­ple zones;
  • Safety cage in driver’s cab;
  • Anti-climbing sys­tem;
  • Modu­lar structure;
  • Roof divi­ded into three sec­tions offe­ring easy access to the machi­nery compartment;
  • Ergo­no­mic, two-person loco cab;
  • Double func­tion air-conditioning system;
  • Four came­ras acting as rear view mirrors;
  • Two came­ras sho­wing the image of draw-bars and screw couplings;
  • Modern fire detec­tion and extin­gu­ishing system;
  • Optio­nal instal­la­tion of a closed-system toilet.

High vol­tage elec­tri­cal circuits:

  • Two or four single-arm pan­to­gra­phs with inde­pen­dent ADD system;
  • Highly relia­ble high-speed UR26 cir­cuit bre­aker by Secheron;
  • Two blocks of power sup­ply to the drive, each equ­ip­ped with two AC/DC converters;
  • Indi­vi­dual lubri­cant cooling sys­tem for each of the sup­ply blocks.

Low-voltage elec­tri­cal circuits:

  • All trac­tion conver­ter blocks fit­ted with the auxi­liary cir­cuit power module. One module used during loco’s ope­ra­tion, ano­ther– spare;
  • 3x400V out­put vol­tage powe­ring the auxi­liary circuits;
  • 110V con­stant vol­tage obta­ined from an addi­tio­nal bat­tery char­ger powe­red with 3×440 V.
  • 24V vol­tage gene­ra­ted by high-class DC/DC converters;
  • Top-class 100Ah FNC bat­tery system.

Loco­mo­tive dia­gno­stic and control:

  • Microprocessor-based con­trol system;
  • Main loco controller;
  • Two inde­pen­dent panels to display drive para­me­ters and dia­gno­stics in each cab;
  • Event recor­der syn­chro­ni­zed to the elec­tro­nic speedometer;
  • Ready for GPS-based equ­ip­ment sho­wing dia­gno­stic data.
  • Ove­rall con­trol of loco­mo­tive operation;
  • Set­ting the trac­tive effort;
  • Fully auto­ma­tic drive con­trol with speed set by loco driver;
  • Veri­fi­ca­tion of loco driver’s orders ente­red by man-machine inter­face panel;
  • Star­ting and bra­king pro­cess con­trol­led by anti-slip system ;
  • Con­trol of the pneu­ma­tic system;
  • Full loco­mo­tive dia­gno­stics with the event recording.